python

About

Python is a dynamic object-oriented scripting language that can be used for many kinds of software development. It offers strong support for integration with other languages and tools, comes with extensive standard libraries, and can be learned in a few days.

Versions and Availability

Module Names for python on qb2
Machine Version Module Name
None Available N/A N/A
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Usage

The Python language can be used like most other scripting languages. Issuing the command alone, python, starts a interactive pythonic shell session. If a Python program is contained in a file command-line execution is possible:

    $ python [options] [-c cmd | -m mod | file | -] [arg [args ...]] 
    

Use python --help for quick help, and see the documentation in the resource section for language details.

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Portable Batch System: qsub

qsub

All HPC@LSU clusters use the Portable Batch System (PBS) for production processing. Jobs are submitted to PBS using the qsub command. A PBS job file is basically a shell script which also contains directives for PBS.

Usage
$ qsub job_script

Where job_script is the name of the file containing the script.

PBS Directives

PBS directives take the form:

#PBS -X value

Where X is one of many single letter options, and value is the desired setting. All PBS directives must appear before any active shell statement.

Example Job Script
 #!/bin/bash
 #
 # Use "workq" as the job queue, and specify the allocation code.
 #
 #PBS -q workq
 #PBS -A your_allocation_code
 # 
 # Assuming you want to run 16 processes, and each node supports 4 processes, 
 # you need to ask for a total of 4 nodes. The number of processes per node 
 # will vary from machine to machine, so double-check that your have the right 
 # values before submitting the job.
 #
 #PBS -l nodes=4:ppn=4
 # 
 # Set the maximum wall-clock time. In this case, 10 minutes.
 #
 #PBS -l walltime=00:10:00
 # 
 # Specify the name of a file which will receive all standard output,
 # and merge standard error with standard output.
 #
 #PBS -o /scratch/myName/parallel/output
 #PBS -j oe
 # 
 # Give the job a name so it can be easily tracked with qstat.
 #
 #PBS -N MyParJob
 #
 # That is it for PBS instructions. The rest of the file is a shell script.
 # 
 # PLEASE ADOPT THE EXECUTION SCHEME USED HERE IN YOUR OWN PBS SCRIPTS:
 #
 #   1. Copy the necessary files from your home directory to your scratch directory.
 #   2. Execute in your scratch directory.
 #   3. Copy any necessary files back to your home directory.

 # Let's mark the time things get started.

 date

 # Set some handy environment variables.

 export HOME_DIR=/home/$USER/parallel
 export WORK_DIR=/scratch/myName/parallel
 
 # Set a variable that will be used to tell MPI how many processes will be run.
 # This makes sure MPI gets the same information provided to PBS above.

 export NPROCS=`wc -l $PBS_NODEFILE |gawk '//{print $1}'`

 # Copy the files, jump to WORK_DIR, and execute! The program is named "hydro".

 cp $HOME_DIR/hydro $WORK_DIR
 cd $WORK_DIR
 mpirun -machinefile $PBS_NODEFILE -np $NPROCS $WORK_DIR/hydro

 # Mark the time processing ends.

 date
 
 # And we're out'a here!

 exit 0

Resources

Last modified: June 26 2015 14:09:16.